Bird Files for Bankruptcy: An Electric Scooter Company

Bird, the electric scooter company that once soared to a billion-dollar valuation, has filed for bankruptcy protection. The company, known as a pioneer in the personal transportation sector, experienced significant declines as it struggled to sustain its growth. Despite securing $25 million in financing to keep operating, Bird faces an uncertain future ahead. The company’s interim CEO, Michael Washinushi, remains at the helm as Bird explores its options, including potentially selling off assets. This filing marks a downturn for Bird, reflecting broader challenges in the micromobility industry, as other start-ups also face similar financial strains. Nonetheless, Bird scooters will continue to zip around cities globally, excluding its Canadian and European branches, which remain unaffected by the bankruptcy. Have you ever wondered what happens when a company that seemed destined for tremendous success suddenly hits rock bottom?

Bird, an electric scooter company once hailed as a transformative force in personal transportation, has filed for bankruptcy. In this article, we’ll delve into the rise, struggles, and eventual bankruptcy of Bird, exploring what went wrong and what the future may hold for the company and the micromobility sector as a whole.

The Meteoric Rise of Bird

Bird was founded in 2017 and quickly became a sensation in the burgeoning micromobility industry. The company’s electric scooters were seen as a revolutionary means of navigating crowded urban environments, offering a convenient, eco-friendly alternative to cars and public transport.

A Billion-Dollar Valuation

In an impressively short time, Bird reached a billion-dollar valuation, earning the coveted status of a “unicorn” start-up. This rapid ascent was fueled by significant investments from high-profile Silicon Valley venture capital firms like Sequoia Capital and Accel Partners. These financial backers were sold on Bird’s vision of a greener, more accessible mode of urban transport.

Expansion and Public Offering

Bird didn’t just sit on its laurels. The company aggressively expanded its operations, eventually setting up shop in over 350 cities worldwide, from Rome to San Francisco. In 2021, Bird went public through a merger with a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), further cementing its reputation as a leader in the micromobility space.

Financial Struggles Emerge

However, the journey wasn’t all smooth sailing. Despite its promising start, Bird struggled to maintain its financial health as it scaled.

Mounting Losses

Bird’s expansion wasn’t cheap, and the costs began to pile up. While the company managed to raise more than half a billion dollars in venture funding, it also accumulated substantial losses. This unsustainable financial trajectory ultimately led to several red flags for investors.

SEC Admission of Overstated Revenue

Things took a turn for the worse in September when Bird admitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that it had overstated its revenue for more than two years. This revelation significantly damaged the company’s credibility and contributed to its delisting from the New York Stock Exchange.

A Year of Warning Signs

By late 2022, Bird had already begun to signal that it was in financial trouble. The company cautioned investors that it might not be able to continue as a going concern unless it raised additional capital. This warning foreshadowed the eventual filing for bankruptcy protection.

Changes in Leadership

Amidst these troubles, there were changes at the executive level. Bird’s founder, Travis VanderZanden, left the company in June, leaving interim CEO Michael Washinushi to steer the sinking ship. Washinushi has remained at the helm as the company navigates its way through bankruptcy proceedings.

Bird, an Electric Scooter Company, Files for Bankruptcy

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The Bankruptcy Filing

On December 20, 2023, Bird officially announced it had filed for bankruptcy protection. This move marks a significant shift for a company that once seemed poised to redefine urban transportation.

Securing Financing to Continue Operations

To keep the company operational during this challenging period, Bird secured $25 million in financing from Apollo Global Management’s commercial lending unit, MidCap Financial, and the firm’s second-lien lenders. This funding is expected to assist Bird as it attempts to restructure and potentially sell off its assets.

Turnaround Plan

As part of its turnaround plan, Bird is looking at various options, which could include selling certain assets. This strategy aims to stabilize the company’s finances and possibly steer it towards a more sustainable future.

Challenges in the Micromobility Sector

Bird’s struggles are not unique. The entire micromobility sector has faced significant challenges as it has sought to scale and become profitable.

Industry-Wide Struggles

Other start-ups in the sector have also experienced difficulties. For example,, previously known as Helbiz, was delisted from the Nasdaq on a recent Tuesday. Similarly, Tier Mobility, another rival, has had to undergo several rounds of layoffs. These examples highlight the broader challenges facing companies that once appeared to be at the forefront of a micromobility revolution.

Public Perception and Regulation

Public perception hasn’t always been favorable for electric scooter companies either. There have been numerous complaints about abandoned rental scooters cluttering sidewalks and parks. In 2023, Paris even banned e-scooter rentals, although it still permits privately owned e-scooters. This ban, a first for a European capital, signals growing scrutiny and regulatory challenges for the industry.

Global Impact

It’s important to note that Bird’s bankruptcy filing does not affect all of its operations globally. The company has clarified that its Canadian and European businesses are not part of the bankruptcy and will continue to operate as normal. This distinction could provide Bird with a foundation to rebuild if it successfully navigates the bankruptcy process in the United States.

Continued Operations in Key Markets

Despite the bankruptcy filing, Bird scooters can still be found in numerous cities across the globe. The company remains committed to serving its customers and partnering with cities to promote sustainable urban transport. This ongoing operation in key markets could provide Bird with valuable revenue streams as it restructures its business.

Lessons Learned

Bird’s trajectory offers several valuable lessons for start-ups and investors alike. Here are some key takeaways from the company’s rise and fall:

The Importance of Sustainable Growth

While rapid growth can be exciting, it’s crucial for start-ups to focus on sustainable growth. Bird expanded quickly, but the costs associated with that expansion ultimately became unmanageable. Balancing growth with financial stability is essential for long-term success.

Transparency and Accountability

Transparency and accountability are critical, especially for publicly traded companies. Bird’s admission of overstated revenue severely damaged its reputation and contributed to its financial difficulties. Maintaining accurate and transparent financial reporting is indispensable for building investor trust.

Adapting to Regulatory Changes

The micromobility sector is highly regulated, and companies must be adept at navigating these regulations. Bird and its competitors have faced numerous regulatory challenges, such as the Paris e-scooter rental ban. Being proactive and adaptive in response to regulatory changes can help companies stay ahead of potential issues.

Exploring Diversification

Diversification can provide a safety net in times of financial difficulty. While Bird focused primarily on e-scooter rentals, exploring additional revenue streams or product offerings could have helped mitigate its financial struggles. Future start-ups may benefit from a diversified approach to business development.

The Future of Micromobility

The bankruptcy of Bird raises questions about the future of the micromobility sector. While the industry’s challenges are evident, the demand for convenient and sustainable urban transport solutions remains high.

Continued Innovation

Despite the setbacks, continued innovation in the micromobility space is likely. Companies that can develop reliable, cost-effective, and user-friendly solutions will be well-positioned to succeed. Advances in battery technology, data analytics, and software integration can enhance the overall user experience and operational efficiency.

Partnerships and Collaborations

Collaborations between micromobility companies and municipal governments can facilitate smoother operations and better regulatory compliance. Cities around the world are increasingly interested in promoting sustainable transport options. By working closely with local authorities, micromobility companies can ensure that their services align with public goals and policies.

Focus on Operational Excellence

Operational excellence will be a key differentiator for micromobility companies moving forward. Streamlining operations, reducing maintenance costs, and optimizing fleet management will help companies achieve profitability. By leveraging data and technology, companies can improve their efficiency and deliver a better user experience.

Investment in Safety

Safety remains a top priority for users and regulators alike. Companies that invest in safety features, rider education programs, and robust customer support will earn the trust and loyalty of their users. This focus on safety can also help mitigate regulatory pressures and enhance public perception.


Bird’s bankruptcy filing marks a significant chapter in the company’s history and serves as a cautionary tale for the micromobility sector. The company’s rapid rise and subsequent struggles highlight the importance of sustainable growth, transparency, adaptability, and diversification. While Bird faces an uncertain future, its experience offers valuable lessons for start-ups and investors in the dynamic world of micromobility.

As the industry continues to evolve, innovation, collaboration, operational excellence, and a commitment to safety will be crucial factors for success. The demand for convenient and sustainable urban transport solutions remains strong, and companies that can navigate the challenges and seize the opportunities will shape the future of urban mobility.

Bird’s journey is a reminder that even the most promising start-ups can face significant hurdles. By learning from these experiences, the micromobility sector can chart a path towards a more sustainable and impactful future.

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